/Iran will examine black boxes, backtracking earlier statements – Business Insider

Iran will examine black boxes, backtracking earlier statements – Business Insider


  • An accident investigation director for the Iranian government told state media on Jan. 19 that the downed plane’s black boxes will be examined domestically.
  • That refutes a statement he made to state media the previous day — that Iran was unable to investigate the black box alone and that Iran would send the black box to Ukraine, where investigators from France, Canada, and the US would assist in the inspection. 
  • On Jan. 8, two missiles brought down Ukrainian Airlines Flight 752. All 176 passengers and crew on-board died, including 82 Iranians and 63 Canadians. 
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Iran is flip-flopping on which country will investigate why Ukrainian Airlines Flight 752 crahsed on Jan. 8, killing all 176 people on-board.

On Jan. 18, a director in charge of accident investigations for Iran’s Civil Aviation Organization told an Iranian media organization that he would send the plane’s flight data recorder to Ukraine. The director said his agency had not been able to open or read the device, Reuters reported.

“With the use of the expertise of the countries of France, Canada and America we will try to read the (flight data recorder) in Kyiv,” Hassan Rezaifar, the Civil Aviation Organization director, told Tasnim. “If this effort is unsuccessful then the black box will be sent to France.”

But just a day later, Rezaifar back-tracked on that statement to a different domestic media organization. He told IRNA, which is Iran’s official state news agency, that the black boxes will be investigated locally.

“We are trying to read the black boxes here in Iran. Otherwise, our options are Ukraine and France, but no decision has been taken so far to send them to another country,” Rezaifar told IRNA.

FILE PHOTO: Flowers and candles are placed in front of the portraits of the flight crew members of the Ukraine International Airlines plane that was shot down by Iran, at a memorial at the Boryspil International airport outside Kiev, Ukraine January 11, 2020. REUTERS/Valentyn Ogirenko

Flowers and candles are placed in front of the portraits of the flight crew members of the Ukraine International Airlines plane shot down by Iran, at a memorial at Boryspil International airport.
Reuters


Often called a “black box”, the flight data recorder helps investigators build a detailed portrait of a crashed plane’s altitude, airspeed, and other crucial details. It also records several hours of audio in the cockpit. 

Two missiles from Iran’s military struck the passenger jet by accident on Jan. 8, which it admitted days after the crash. Previously, officials blamed “human error.”

The plane crash happened after weeks of increased tensions between Iran and the US.

US President Donald Trump ordered the killing of Iran’s top military commander, Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani, in an airstrike earlier this month. Iran retaliated last week by firing more than a dozen ballistic missiles at two bases in Iraq hosting US and Iraqi troops. The strikes did not cause any deaths or injuries, but it was only a few hours later when Iran, apparently fearing a US counterattack, shot down the civilian airliner.

Global leaders are doubtful Iran can decode the black box

Under global aviation rules, Iran has the right to lead the investigation on the flight’s crash. 

However, usually countries work together on such investigations. And Iran has made it clear that the country isn’t intending to follow typical aviation procedures for investigating an international plane crash.

For one, the manufacturer of the plane is usually involved. Iran is refusing to hand over the black boxes to Boeing, a US manufacturer.

“We will not give the black box to the manufacturer and the Americans,” Iran’s Civil Aviation Organisation head Ali Abedzadeh told Mehr, an Iranian news agency.

A woman lays flowers at a memorial of the flight crew members of the Ukrainian 737-800 plane that crashed on the outskirts of Tehran, at Borispil international airport outside in Kyiv, Ukraine, Saturday, Jan. 11, 2020. Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskiy says that Iran must take further steps following its admission that one of its missiles shot down Ukrainian civilian airliner.  (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

A woman lays flowers at a memorial of the flight crew members of the Ukrainian 737-800 plane that crashed.
Associated Press


Not many countries have the ability to unlock the flight data recorder. And leaders like Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau have said that Iran is not one of them.

“Iran does not have the level of technical expertise and mostly the equipment necessary to be able to analyze these damaged black boxes quickly,” Trudeau said at a recent news conference in Ottawa. Amid the 176 on the downed plane, 63 were Canadian nationals. 

Trudeau is urging Iran to hand over the black box to France. Ukraine has also pressed Iran to turn over the device, and have said that Iran has violated how the crash site should be treated. 

“Everything was done absolutely inappropriately,” Oleksiy Danilov, the Ukrainian security official overseeing the crash inquiry, previously told The New York Times. He alleged that debris from the crash has been bulldozed.

So far, Abedzadeh said Iran will investigate the crash alone, “but the Ukrainians can also be present.”

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